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The Pride of our Nation APJ Abdul Kalam has just passed away !
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Update :  The Pride of our Nation APJ Abdul Kalam has just passed away !
Our former President DR. APJ Abdul Kalam has just passed
away !

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We lost a True Indian...
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this evening. He was 83 years old.
Kalam was rushed to the hospital
earlier in the day when he collapsed
while giving a public lecture at Indian
Institute of Management (IIM)
Shillong. His condition was said to be
critical and was kept under
observation in the ICU.
It is reported that he suffered a
cardiac arrest during the lecture and
was admitted at the Bethany Hospital.
Kalam was born on 15 October, 1931
and served as the 11th President of
India from 2002 to 2007. He received
several prestigious awards, including
the Bharat Ratna. After serving a
term of five years as President, he
returned to civilian life of education,
writing, and public service.
Born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil
Nadu, he studied physics and
aerospace engineering in 1960.
Kalam spent the next four decades as
a scientist and science administrator,
mainly at the Defence Research and
Development Organisation (DRDO)
and Indian Space Research
Organisation (ISRO) and was
intimately involved in the India's
civilian space programme and
military missile development
efforts. He thus came to be known as
the Missile Man of India for his work
on the development of ballistic
missile and launch vehicle technology.
He also played a pivotal
organizational, technical and political
role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear
tests in 1998, the first since
the original nuclear test by India in
Kalam started his career by designing
a small helicopter for the Indian
Army, but remained unconvinced with
the choice of his job at DRDO. Kalam
was also part of the INCOSPAR
committee working under Vikram
Sarabhai, the renowned space
scientist. In 1969, Kalam was
transferred to ISRO where he was the
project director of India's first
indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle
(SLV-III), which successfully
deployed the Rohini satellite in near
earth's orbit in July 1980.
Kalam first started work on an
expandable rocket project
independently at DRDO in 1965. In
1969, he received the government's
approval and expanded the programme
to include more engineers.
During the period between the 1970s
and 1990s, Kalam made an effort to
develop the Polar Satellite Launching
Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects,
both of which proved to be success.
In the 1970s, a landmark was achieved
by ISRO when the locally
built Rohini-1 was launched into
space, using the SLV rocket. In the
1970s, Kalam also directed two
projects, namely, Project
Devil and Project Valiant , which
sought to develop ballistic missiles
from the technology of the successful
SLV programme.
Kalam’s research and educational
leadership brought him great laurels
and prestige in the 1980s, which
prompted the government to initiate
an advanced missile programme under
his directorship. Kalam and Dr V S
Arunachalam, metallurgist and
scientific adviser to the Defence
Minister, worked on the suggestion by
the then Defence Minister, R
Venkataraman on a proposal for
simultaneous development of a quiver
of missiles instead of taking planned
missiles one after
another. Venkataraman was
instrumental in getting the cabinet
approval for allocating Rs 388 crores
for the mission, named Integrated
Guided Missile Development
Programme (IGMDP) and appointed
Kalam as the chief executive.
Kalam played a major part in
developing many missiles under the
mission including Agni, an
intermediate range ballistic missile
and Prithvi, the tactical surface-to-
surface missile, although the projects
have been criticised for
mismanagement and cost and time
Kalam was the chief scientific
adviser to the Prime Minister, and the
Secretary of DRDO from July 1992 to
December 1999.
In 1998, along with cardiologist Soma
Raju, Kalam developed a low
cost coronary stent, named the
"Kalam-Raju Stent". In 2012, the
duo, designed a rugged tablet
computer for health care in rural
areas, which was named the "Kalam-
Raju Tablet".
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